The League of Women Voters takes action (lobbies) on an issue or advocates for a cause when there is an existing League position that supports the issue or speaks to the cause.
"League Positions" result from a process of study that includes research on the pros and cons of the issue. Any given study, whether it be National, Regional, State, or Local level, is thorough in its pursuit of facts and details. As the study progresses, a continuing discussion of pros and cons of each situation occurs. Prior to the results of the study being presented to the general membership, study committee members fashion consensus questions that are then addressed by the membership.
Additional discussion, pro and con, takes place as members (not part of the study committee) learn the scope of the study. After the members reach consensus, the respective League board forms consensus statements based on that consensus.
It is the consensus statement -- the statement resulting from the consensus questions -- that becomes a position. Firm action or advocacy can then be taken on the particular issue addressed by the position. Without a position, action/advocacy cannot be taken.